The black sea bass (Centropristis striata) is an exclusively marine fish. It is a type of
Grouper (Serranidae) found more commonly in northern than in southern ranges.
It inhabits the coasts from Maine to NE
Florida and the eastern Gulf of Mexico. There are three large biomass populations of black sea bass—the Mid-Atlantic
stock, from Cape Cod in Massachusetts to Cape Hatteras in North Carolina, the South Atlantic stock, from Cape Hatteras to
the southern tip of the Florida peninsula, and the Gulf of Mexico stock, from the southern tip of the Florida peninsula to
Texas. They can be found in inshore waters (bays and sounds) and offshore in waters up to a depth of 130 m (425 ft). They
spend most of their time close to the sea floor and are often congregated around bottom formations such as rocks, man-made
reefs, wrecks, jetties, piers, and bridge pilings.